Domain Names, Top Level Domains, and the Registrars

Without knowing what domain names, top level domains, and domain name registrars are, you might not get the point of knowing about InterNIC. So first and foremost, what is a domain name? A domain name, is found in web addresses. These are the sequence of letters found in between the “www.” and the “.com”. Some examples of popular domain names are:

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Tumblr
  • Google
  • Yahoo
  • YouTube
  • Etc.

As you can see, domain names are usually named after the domain’s company’s name. If you are putting up a commercial web site, this is a tip you may find handy. Another thing you should know about domain names is that each domain is not entitle to only one. This means that one domain can multiple domain names, giving the web domain accessibility and efficiency. One example of this is Facebook, which bought domain names such as “fb” and “facbook” for easy access in case of typos – a small perk, but nevertheless useful.

Top level domains or TLDs on the other hand, are also part of a URL and is usually found at the latter part of a web address; specifically after the “www.” and the domain name. There are many types of top level domains, and each type corresponds a certain price – to name a few:

  • .net
  • .com
  • .org
  • .tv
  • .biz
  • .co
  • .us
  • .uk
  • .co.uk
  • .me

These top level domains may cost you as low as approximately ten dollars ($10) per year, to as high as approximately thirty five dollars ($35) per year.

Unlike the domain name and the top level domain, domain name registrars aren’t found in the web address. In fact, these domain name registrars are the ones behind their creation. They are the ones who charge consumers the cost of their domain names and the top level domains they select for their domain names.

A Brief History

The NIC in InterNIC stands Network Information Center, but is usually simply referred to as InterNIC. From the years 1993 to the year 1998, InterNIC or the Network Information Center, was the central body on the internet principally in charge of domain name allocations and directory services for X.500.

All the way back to when it was founded in the year 1972, up until the first of October 1991, InterNIC was primarily run by the SRI International – also known as: the Stanford Research Institute, which was directed by Jake Feinler. Since October 1991 up until the eighteenth of September 1998 on the other hand, InterNIC was then run by Network Solutions. After September 1998 up until today, InterNIC or the Network Information Center has been run by ICANN, or the International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

Introducing InterNIC

So basically, what the Network Information Center or InterNIC does or rather, has been doing, is simply taking over the responsibility of both the registration and the maintenance of the .com, .net, and .org top level domains cyber universally or rather internet-wide. Without the Network Information Center, order and organization would not be present among top level domains. Aside from this, the Network Information Center also handles complains and disputes under everything they manage, such as: domain name transfer disputes, unaccredited domain name registrar problems, unauthorized domain name transfers, etc. They also provide an online list of all accredited domain name registrars, this way consumers get to see which domain name registrar can be trusted and which domain registrars are just plain unaccredited frauds. They provide information concerning internet domain name registration services and make these information available for the viewing and use of the public.