Choosing between UNIX and Linux can be a troublesome task if you do not know their features. It is important to learn first what makes both different from each other so that you can decide which one suitably fits your requirements.

What is Linux?

In simple terms, Linux is an operation system that became one of the most popular OS in the market. It is basically the software on computers that allows the user and the applications to gain access to the devices present on the computer in order to carry out the desired operations. Take note that the operating system transmits instructions from an application to the processor of the computer. Understandably, the processor executes the given tasks and transmits the results back to the application through the operating system. Linux is strikingly similar to Windows and OS X yet it is an open operating system, thus not one company is exclusively accountable for providing support and development.

Who uses Linux?

It cannot be denied that Linux gained a large number of users throughout the years. There are various reasons why this operating system became the favorite operating system and it has catered to the needs of different users all over the world.

  • Users who are already familiar with UNIX and would want to operate it on PC-type hardware.
  • Those who are eager to experiment with the principles of the operating system.
  • Users who want comprehensive control over the operating system.
  • Users who have problems using Microsoft.

What is UNIX?

As an operating system, UNIX was primarily developed at Bell Labs. This operating system is also considered very popular and widely used all over the world. UNIX basically runs on various computer brands. This is due to the fact that UNIX is characteristically portable. Additionally, programs written on a single UNIX machine can be quickly adapted to other UNIX machines when needed.

Why choose UNIX?

With the flexibility and power offered by UNIX, it is definitely the best option for many users out there. Unfortunately, these cannot be enjoyed freely and some individuals find the system inauspicious since certain commands and responses are ambiguous. For those who are planning to use UNIX, there are several reasons why it is the best option. Initially, the OS enables several individuals to work on the same machine at once. It also provides an ideal environment for programmers with its software tools, integrated concepts and flexible filing system. UNIX is also suitable for networking, file transfer programs, remote logins and many more.

Difference between UNIX and Linux

By now you have a grasp on what UNIX and Linux has to offer. This might be the time to decide which one you will use, thus it is best to determine the differences between the two operating systems so that the selection process will not end up in a standstill.

  • Linux is an open source system while UNIX is considered as a propriety system.
  • In the technical aspect, UNIX development is primarily aimed on a specific platform and audience while Linux is more diverse. UNIX maintains consistency between various versions while Linux has differences between versions as well as lacking strict standards for the functionality, tools and environment. The UNIX tools, commands and utilities do not change when new versions are released while Linux utilities, tools and commands tend to change over time.
  • In terms of hardware, the commercial UNIX is typically custom written for every system to cater to your specific needs while Linux has base packages required and you have to install add-ons to enjoy the system that you need. Linux was also specifically designed to be highly compatible on various architecture and devices while UNIX is somewhat limited when it comes to compatibility with different architectures and platforms.
  • The UNIX kernel is not available freely while the Linux kernel is readily available.
  • When it comes to bugs and updates, both tend to undergo vulnerabilities that should be patched, updated or fixed. Nevertheless, Linux has an advantage since Linux bugs typically die out early since the OS is under meticulous analysis from the worldwide open-source community.